Shows routes of expeditions since 1900 and extreme limit of pack ice. Relief shown by hypsometric tints; depths shown by bathymetric tints. "Engraved, printed and published by W. & A.K. Johnston, Limited, Edinburgh & London." Possibly from...
Eight bears were spotted and killed the preceding day. Fence around seal gut sku light of igloo to keep dogs, people, etc., from breaking light or falling thru. Title and description from photographer's notes.
Man on the left uses a tool that resembles a metal garden hoe. The other men are using metal scraping tools, called "tuggaun" in Iñupiaq, which are the same tools used to butcher a whale. Scraping is made easier by freezing the skin.
Shows Franklin's route in 1819, 1820 and 1821. Dedicated to Sir Philip Bowes Vere Broke, Captain of the Shannon (the British ship that defeated the Chesepeake in the War of 1812), by Henry Martin Leake.
Relief shown by shading. Shows a portion of the Queen Elizabeth Islands in Arctic Canada, including the locations of Eskimo tent-rings and winter houses and the Fram's winter quarters. Mounted on paper.
Relief shown by contours. Depths shown by isolines. Glaciers, tundra and forest color coded. From Johnston's Royal atlas of modern geography, frontispiece. "By Keith Johnston F.R.G.S." "W. & A.K. Johnston." Hand colored.